Public Policy Dynamics France #3

by RPP colleagues

Health and Politics in France

Total COVID-19 cases:3,385,622
14-day total COVID-19 cases per 100,000:422.95
14-day change:+19.5
Total COVID-19 deaths:80,443
14-day rise:5,987
  • The state of health emergency was extended until 1 June, after Parliamentary approval. Despite political opposition, the Government succeeded in extending this regime, which provides the basis for the 6 p.m. curfew and travel restrictions.
  • The ten-year strategy for the fight against cancer (2021-2030) was presented in early February. Structured around four ambitious objectives, it aims to significantly reduce the burden of cancer in the daily lives of the French.
  • New measures have been taken at the end of January to fight the Covid-19 outbreak, but no new lockdown has been announced. The executive power hopes to avoid this by strengthening the existing measures.


  • The state of health emergency has been extended until 1 June, after approval from Parliament. Created in March 2020 in response to the Covid-19 pandemic, the state of public health emergency serves, among other things, as the legal basis for the national curfew at 6 pm. This "toolbox" regime provides measures to restrict or prohibit travel, gatherings or the opening of establishments, in all or part of the territory, as well as partial or complete confinement of the population.
  • The bill postponing the general renewal of departmental and regional councils was adopted by the National Assembly on 10 February. Due to some disagreements between the two chambers, it is being examined by a Joint Commission, which will have to decide on the measures still under discussion. The bill provides for a double postponement of the elections – the March 2021 elections would be postponed to June, while future elections in March 2027 would be postponed to June 2027. The classic electoral calendar will be restored for the 2033 elections.
  • In early February, the Minister of Ecological Transition Barbara Pompili presented the bill resulting from the Citizen's Climate Convention. Although eagerly awaited, this bill is nevertheless contested. Analysed by experts, its 65 articles will not meet the objective assigned to the 150 citizens: to define measures "preparing the world of tomorrow", in a spirit of social justice, and to reduce national greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030. Pompili, who does not dispute this observation, nevertheless asserts that it is "an ecology that is knocking at the door of the French", and 63% of French people consider the text "ambitious".



  • The ten-year strategy for the fight against cancer (2021-2030) was presented in early February. Structured around four ambitious objectives, it aims to significantly reduce the burden of cancer in the daily lives of the French. The four major priorities are as follows: improving prevention; limiting the after-effects and improving the quality of life of patients; combatting cancers with poor prognosis in adults and children; and ensuring that progress benefits everyone.
  • To meet these objectives, new resources have been allocated: overall funding of nearly €1.74 billion - an increase of nearly 20% compared to the previous Cancer Plan - including additional funding of €284 million for the next 5 years.
  • Thierry Breton, Director General of the French National Cancer Institute, posited "this ten-year strategy to fight against cancer shows a strong and shared desire to improve the healthcare offer and the daily lives of everyone, whether it be all our fellow citizens, people affected by the disease, or all those involved in the fight, health and research".



  • The level of the pandemic in France remains stable, even if circulation of the virus and mortality remain high. The dreaded "outbreak" has not taken place, which seems to confirm Emmanuel Macron's decision not to confine France for a third time. The executive power wants to believe that the situation will gradually improve, with a way out of the crisis envisaged for the summer.
  • Vaccination continues, with nearly 2.5 million people vaccinated (2 million with a first injection, 500,000 with both injections). At the beginning of February, Emmanuel Macron promised that every French person who would like to get vaccinated before the summer could do so. He is counting on the acceleration of production, especially French vaccine production, since four French sites will produce vaccines starting in March.


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